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2020 Census: mandatory participation for every person living in the U.S.

Published Monday January 20 2020

By April 1, 2020, every home in the United States will receive an invitation to participate in the 2020 Census, which counts every person living in the 50 states, the District of Columbia and the five U.S. territories. The Embassy of Luxembourg would like to remind all Luxembourg nationals living in the United States that participating in the census is required by law, even if they recently completed another survey from the Census Bureau. A complete and accurate count is critical, because the results of the 2020 Census will affect community funding, congressional representation and more. The count is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, a nonpartisan government agency. 

In mid-March, households will begin receiving official Census Bureau mail with detailed information on how to respond to the 2020 Census. Each home will receive an invitation to respond to a short questionnaire—online, by phone, or by mail.

The census provides critical data that lawmakers, business owners, teachers, and many others use to provide daily services, products, and support for the persons living in the United States and their communities. Every year, billions of dollars in federal funding go to hospitals, fire departments, schools, roads and other resources based on census data.

The results of the census also determine the number of seats each state will have in the U.S. House of Representatives, and they are used to draw congressional and state legislative districts.

Article 1, Section 2 of the Constitution mandates that the country conduct a count of its population once every 10 years. The 2020 Census will mark the 24th time that the country has counted its population since 1790.

More detailed information about the 2020 Census can be found at