Nicholas Muller was the first Luxembourger-American to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.
Born in Differdange, Luxembourg on November 15, 1836, Muller attended schools in Metz, France and in Luxembourg.
Upon immigrating to the United States, the family settled in New York City. Muller was employed as a railroad ticket agent for over 20 years, during which time he was one of the promoters and directors of the Germania Bank in New York.
From 1875 to 1876 he served as a member of the State Assembly of New York and was also a member of the State Central Committee.
In 1876 Muller was elected to the Forty-fifth and then re-elected to the Forty-sixth Congress, serving from March 4, 1877 to March 3, 1881. During the latter Congress, he was Chairman of the Committee on Expenditures. Losing his seat after an unsuccessful re-election bid, he was again elected to the 48th and 49th United States Congresses, holding office from March 4, 1883 to March 4, 1887; in both Congresses he was Chairman of the Committee on Militia.
In 1888, Muller was appointed president of the New York City Police Board and subsequently served as president of the excise board and as quarantine commissioner. He he was again elected to the U.S. Congress, where he served until his resignation on November 22, 1901. He was appointed as tax commissioner in 1904.
Nicholas Muller died in New Brighton on Staten Island, N.Y. in 1917 at the aged of 81.